Women’s Equality Day is taking place on 26 August 2016. On this day in 1920, women in the USA were granted the right to vote, making this a major milestone in the history of gender equality.
The right for women to vote was taken up in the 19th Amendment to the United States’ Constitution. This happened after a major women’s rights movement in the country marked with suffrage and protests. Previously, when women attempted to vote, they were often arrested for trying.
The commemoration takes place annually to raise awareness about the importance of gender equality in society and to recognize the hard work and sacrifices made by the pioneers in the suffrage movement. It is both inspirational to today’s women and a way of raising awareness about other issues still prominent in women’s rights and equality.
It is easy to forget about certain issues when they don’t influence us directly. It is also easy to disregard certain issues simply because we have grown accustomed to them. Here are a few of the issues women in the USA currently face concerning inequality.
The Status of Women in the States provides data on women’s progress in 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the United States overall. These are only a few categories covered in its research
Approximately 21 million female immigrants live in the United States, making up just over 13 percent of the nation’s female population. In their multiple roles as students, professionals and other workers, spouses, parents, and caregivers, immigrant women make important contributions to local communities, the economy, and society.
While many immigrant women are thriving in the workforce, others encounter challenges that hinder their workforce participation or limit their access to higher quality employment. Limited English proficiency and, for those who are undocumented, lack of access to legal status, are some of the additional challenges faced by immigrant women in the USA.
According to the site, immigrant women earn an average of $7000 less than US-born women every year. On top of this, women from Mexico has the lowest earning of all immigrant women, even though Mexico is one of the largest sending countries for immigrant women.
If you or your wife or partner are in immigrant woman working in the United States, you can elevate yourself by learning the language as soon as you can and my ensuring that your legal status is in place. Rather take your time securing the status you need before applying for jobs, as this might elevate you into a better salary bracket.
Women of color
Women’s earnings differ considerably by race and ethnicity. Across the largest racial and ethnic groups in the United States, Asian/Pacific Islander women have the highest median annual earnings, followed by white women. Native American and Hispanic women have the lowest earnings.
Health insurance coverage rates also vary by race and ethnicity. Among the largest racial and ethnic groups, white and Asian/Pacific Islander women had the highest rates of coverage in 2013. Hispanic and Native American women had the lowest rates of coverage. Interestingly, all the women’s rates of coverage were still higher than that of men.
The educational progress women have made has not been distributed equally across racial and ethnic groups either. Asian/Pacific Islander women are the most likely to hold a bachelor’s degree or higher, while Native American and Hispanic women are the least likely to hold at least a bachelor’s degree. One in three Hispanic women (33.9 percent) has less than a high school diploma.
If you are a Hispanic women in the United States, it could be very beneficial for you to focus on your studies. If you are hoping to immigrate to the USA soon, even more so. Work as hard as you can to secure a qualification, whether it be high school or a bachelor’s diploma. This will single you out from other applicants and it might secure you a better job with a higher salary.
Older women (aged 65 and older) have lower socioeconomic status than older men due to multiple factors, including their more limited access to pensions and other sources of retirement income, lower lifetime earnings due to the gender wage gap, and greater need for long-term care services at older ages.
A very interesting fact is found in the educational statistics of older women. While younger women are much more likely than younger men to have a bachelor’s degree or higher, among older women and men the pattern differs: only 19.6 percent of women aged 65 and older have a bachelor’s degree or higher, compared with 29.9 percent of their male counterparts.
Now that you have a better understanding of the status of women’s equality in the USA, you might have more reason to commemorate, celebrate, or participate in activities happening on Women’s Equality Day this August.