15 FinTech Terms You Need to Know



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With the acceleration of digital solutions in 2020, FinTechs have gained more buzz than ever before. So, we want to make sure you know everything there is to know about the topic, and FinTech terms is as good a place to start as any.

But first, what is FinTech?

The definition of FinTech is, at its core, a combination between finance and technology. Throughout the 21st century, which has only been with us for 21 years, many acronyms involving technology have appeared. Other examples include RegTech and HealthTech.

Companies like Ria are examples of FinTech, where new technology is used to fast-track and safeguard financial transactions. These types of companies can be found all across the finance industry, be it banking, money transfer, or payments.

Now that we have a solid foundation for understanding FinTech, let’s move on to the most common terms being used nowadays.

FinTech Terms

Application Programming Interface (API): The software you need to ensure two applications can talk to one another. It’s the technology that enables you to use different apps on your phone without needing an individual device for each one.

Big Data: A field dedicated to analyzing large amounts of data to reveal patterns, correlations, and  trends.

Blockchain: A type of distributed ledger used to connect a series of data blocks available through a public database. This technology is mainly used to create a chain of information that cannot be hacked or deleted.

Crowdfunding: Financing a project or venture through an online fundraising campaign. Funds can be offered as a donation or in return for some form of compensation from the fundraiser.

Cryptocurrencies: Decentralized digital currencies often secured through blockchain technology.

Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT): A protocol for data storage that removes the need for a centralized database. Information is stored multiple times in different locations to ensure its safe and accessible to all.

KYC: Know Your Customer (KYC) is the mandatory process for verifying a customer’s identity prior to making a financial transaction.

Machine Learning: The study and application of algorithms and statistical models that can power a computer system capable of learn and adapt on its own by simply anaylizing data.

Internet of Things (IoT): The technology enabled by 5G that allows for devices to communicate with each other.

Open Banking: A system that allows for third parties to connect directly with a consumer’s bank or financial account. By not inputting financial information into each third-party app we use, our data can be better safeguarded.

PSD2: Payment Services Directive Two is a new compliance legislation meant to ensure payment service providers are working on better customer authentication processes, especially regarding third-part involvement mentioned with open banking.

RegTech: Technology that helps streamline regulatory processes within the finance industry.

SaaS: Also known as software-as-a-service, SaaS is a a way of delivering applications through the Internet, as opposed to having customers download a hard copy.

Smart Contracts: A transaction protocol in which, by using blockchain technology, a contract can execute itself once both parties write their agreement into the line of code.

Tokenization: Used in data security, tokenization involves taking sensitive data and replacing it with a reference or identifier, making it harder for hackers to access the original data.

And there you have it! Hope you found this article useful and be sure to check out our Tech section if you want to learn more.

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